Category Archives: Hand tools

Woodworking measuring tools

Measuring is the fundamental part for woodworking. When carpenters use the measuring tools properly then they can complete the work clean and accurately. Consequently low loss of wood, high productivity and the furniture looks fine and high quality. You should remember that it needs somewhat extra wood during wood processing like smoothing. So you should careful when measuring the wood. There are so many woodworking measuring tools. But the following tools are very important. Always choose the right tools to measure according to design.
Woodworking measuring tools

Measuring tape
Normally these carpenters measuring tools are used for long straightforward distance measurement. It is made of stainless steel, leathers or fabrics. It may contain a handle or a bottom for controlling the tape. The tape can be found as inches, foot, cm or mm. Different lengthened measuring tape can be found but 16 feet tape is work finely in wood shop. You can also use 12 feet tape but larger than 16 feet is not suitable for woodworking. You can accurately measure the inside and outside of a case or drawer. If the end hook gets damage then you should have to replace the tape. Otherwise the measurement will be affected.

Framing square
During assembly this instruments keep the furniture square. It may be different sizes. But the 24 by 16 inches tool is the large one which is normally used in carpentry.

Try square
Try square is as similar as larger framing squares for constructed right angles.

Combination square
The combination square is a favorite tool to many woodworkers for a variety of layout tasks like marking across boards. You can use this tool to mark accurate 90º and 45º angles. Several sizes tools are available such as from 4-12 inches. It is one of the most multipurpose woodworking measuring tools in the shop. It has an adjustable head which is crucial for calibrating or checking machinery and laying out joinery.

Sliding T- bevel
Many joinery projects needs different angles such as 45. Sliding T-bevel is great for these types of projects. It has an adjustable lock. You can lock it at any angle. Moreover you can also shorten as you needed.

Short ruler
A tape measure is use as one kind of ruler. But sometimes it may create a problem. For example, when you want to take a measurement in the middle of a workpeices, it may not provide the accurate measurement. In this case you can use a short ruler comfortably. It is compact size which is easily fit into a pocket. The other advantages of this ruler over the large ruler are easy to read marking, thin blade and distinct. A short ruler like 6 inches ruler is essential for all sorts of precise layout tasks. You can keep this ruler into your pocket at all the time.

Folding ruler
For a longer measurement in the middle of a workpeice, a tape measure or short ruler is not suitable. A measuring tape has a hook on one end so it can affect on accurate measurement. In this case you can easily work with a folding ruler which will provide accurate measurement. Moreover, it can also provide excellent measurement inside a case or a box. It is also easily fit into a pocket.

Zig zag ruler
This ruler looks like as folding type ruler. Zig zag ruler can be one or two miter long and has many folding. When you needs folding, then you should fold carefully; otherwise it may be broken. The tape can be found as inches, foot, cm or mm.

Woodworking hand tools and their uses

Here we focus some information on woodworking hand tools and their uses. These tools are non automated power joinery instruments; the power comes from the muscles. Each joiner needs a basic set of hand tools. If your tool collections are rich and high quality then you can perform your work greatly. You should always take your safety in the work place. It will help you to prevent accidents. Moreover, you should take proper care of your tools so that they will give long and efficient service. We can categorized the basic hand tools in the following groups:
woodworking hand tools

Measuring tools
To make any thing with the wood, at first needed measuring according to design. We use many measuring hand tools to doing these task. If you can measure currectly then the work will complete accuratly. The common measuring tools are tape, miter, foot rule etc. They are made of metal case or a tough plastic or rubber case. Therefore they does not break easily.

Marking tools
After complete the measuring you should need marking on the wood. After that you should complete the work according to these marking. There are many instrument for the marking such as try squre, metre square, bevel squre. pencil etc.

Sawing tools
After measuring and marking of a wood or board then it needs saw or cutting. The instruments which is used to cutting or sawing of the wood is called sawing tools. The hand sawing tools have many style, types and sizes. They are used to cutting straight edges, making angled cuts and cutting curves. It has two parts – blade and handle. The blade is made of high quality steel so that it will cut very sharply and will not break off while in use. On the other hand the handle is made from plastic, wood or metal. Some of the common sawing tools are rip saw, tenon saw, pit saw etc.

Planing tools are used after measuring and sawing to smooth the uneven wood sarface by cutting a very thin layers. They comes in many types and styles to carry out a specific function. The most widely used planers are jack plane, jointing plane, block plane, spoke shave etc. These tools increases the joiner precision and efficiency in woodworking.

Testing tools
Testing tools are used after measuring, sawing and planing the wood to test plane, edge etc. The common testing tools are straight edge, winding sticks, plumb bob, sprit level, side calipars, try square etc.

Cutting tools
Rather than sawing tools a wide range of tools used to cut, hole or groove the wood. These types of tools are chisel, knives, scissors, axes etc.

Drilling or boring tools
The holes may be required to insert screws, dowels or other fittings into the wood. These holes can be done into two way – drilling and boring. Although present days people use power drill for this task but many of work, done with hand boring tools. Yet, it is plays an significant role in many carpentery and joinery wood working. The most widely used boring tools are brace, bit, bardawl, gimlet etc.

Without these you may have to use many hand tools such as cramp, hammer, hand vice, screw driver, spanner for perform different works.

Although people use many power tools during woodworking but the necessity of the hand tools are endless. They always plays an important part in wood working. Before and after the work, you should always check your hand tools and equipment visually to ensure that it has any defects or works fine.